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Nail Disorders

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There are a variety of nail disorders including infections, ingrown nails, tumors and warts. Keeping nails clean, dry and trimmed can help avoid nail infections. Changes in nails, such as discoloration or thickening, can be a warning sign of health problems including liver and kidney diseases, heart and lung conditions, anemia and diabetes.

Symptoms of Nail Disorders

  • Changes in nail color, such as discoloration of the entire nail or a dark streak under the nail
  • Changes in nail shape, such as curled nails
  • Thinning or thickening of the nails
  • Separation of the nail from the surrounding skin
  • Bleeding around the nails
  • Redness, swelling or pain around the nails

Causes of Nail Disorders

Many nail disorders are the result of bacterial infections due to injury, poor skin hygiene, nail biting, finger sucking, or frequent exposure to water. Vertical lines, called splinter hemorrhages, can be caused by nail injury or certain drug and diseases. Ingrown toenails can be caused by improper nail trimming, poor stance, digestive problems, or tight shoes. 

Tips for Healthy Nails

  • Keep nails clean
  • Wear proper fitting shoes
  • Don’t bite fingernails

If you feel your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, please contact Florida Center for Pediatric Dermatology at 407.303.1687 or through our online contact form.