Skip directly to content


Text Increase:
Text Increase Normal
Text Increase Large
Text Increase Largest

Ichthyosis is an inherited skin condition which results in thick, dry scales appearing on the surface of the skin. The scales form when dead skin cells accumulate on the skin’s surface. The condition can be present at birth, but may appear during early childhood. Most cases are mild but some can be quite severe.

Symptoms of Ichthyosis

  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Tile-like, small scales, in polygon shapes
  • Scales colored white, dirty gray or brown — with people with darker skin tending to have darker colored scales
  • Flaky scalp
  • Deep, painful cracks in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet in severe cases

Causes of Ichthyosis

The condition is caused by the buildup of protein in the upper layer of skin (a result of the skin’s natural shedding process slowing down or being inhibited in some way). Ichthyosis is often caused by a genetic mutation, inherited from birth.

If you feel your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, please contact Florida Center for Pediatric Dermatology at 407.303.1687 or through our online contact form.